Colour Revolutions

Context:

  • In the ongoing SCO summit in Samarkand, the Chinese President has appealed all the countries participating in the summit including India to cooperate with each other in order to prevent foreign powers from destabilizing their countries by inciting “colour revolutions”.
  • So, this ha triggered a debate around the world regarding the colour revolution.

About the Colour Revolutions:

  • The Colour Revolution which is being widely debated around the world was a series of uprisings that first began in former communist nations in Eastern Europe in the early 2000s, but are also used in reference to popular movements in the Middle East and Asia.
  • The mode of the protests was in form of large-scale mobilization on the streets, with demands for free elections or regime change, and calls for removal of authoritarian leaders
  • Protesters often wear a specific colour, such as in Ukraine’s Orange Revolution, but the term has also been used to describe movements named after flowers like the Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia.
  • The movement in Hongkong in 2019 was also seen as a part of this colour revolution because of the similar characteristics or nature of protests.
  • The movements are often named after a colour because the Protesters often wear a specific colour, such as in Ukraine’s Orange Revolution.
  • In some other cases, the movements have also been named after flowers such as Jasmine for the revolution which took place in Tunisia.
  • Moscow and Beijing have long criticised colour revolutions for being destabilising influences that have been orchestrated by the United States and its Western allies to overthrow regimes in order to further their own geopolitical interests.

CountryColour RevolutionsUkraineOrangeKyrgyzstanTulipTunisiaJasmine

Source The Hindu

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